Ancient Civilizations Essays

SAOC 47.

Essays in Ancient Civilization Presented to Helene J. Kantor.

A. Leonard, Jr. and B. B. Williams, eds.

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As a number of Professor Kantor's publications stand as models of their kind, elegant, precise, erudite and stimulating, it is a challenge to contribute to a volume in her honor. There are many who, though never formally taught by her, have been encouraged by the "limitless patience and an unswerving devotion to humane learning," noted in Janet H. Johnson's foreword, and inspired by the standards she sets. The twenty-five contributors to this volume are but a fraction of those indebted to her; but between them they pay appropriate tribute in a handsomely produced book, which includes a "bibliography of the publications and communications of Helene J. Kantor (through June 15th 1988)" compiled by Charles E. Jones. [From a review by P. R. S. Moorey in Journal of Near Eastern Studies 52 (1993) 49-51].

  • Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization 47
  • Chicago: The Oriental Institute, 1989
  • ISBN 0-918986-57-5
  • Pp. xxxix + 393, 52 figures, 72 plates, 6 tables
  • Paperbound 9 x 11.75 in / 23 x 30 cm
  • $65.00
Contributors and Contributions:
G. Algaze. "Tepe Chenchi: An Important Settlement Near Khorsabad"
R. Amiran. "Re-Examination of a Cult-and-Art Object from Beth Yerah"
P. Beck. "Notes on the Style and Iconography of the Chalcolithic Hoard from Nahal Mishmar"
R. D. Biggs. "A Recut Old Babylonian Seal with a Sumerian Prayer of the Kassite Period"
R. H. Dornemann. "Comments on Small Finds and Items of Artistic Significance from Tell Hadidi and Nearby Sites in the Euphrates Valley, Syria"
D. Esse. "Village Potters in Early Bronze Age Palestine: A Case Study"
W. Farber. "Dämonen ohne Stammbaum: Zu einigen mesopotamischen Amuletten aus dem Kunsthandel"
H. G. Güterbock. "Hittite kursa 'Hunting Bag'"
Th. Jacobsen. "God or Worshipper"
J. H. Johnson and D. Whitcomb. "A Royal Head from Luxor"
M. Kelly-Buccellati. "A New Third Millennium Sculpture from Mozan"
Y. Majidzadeh. "An Early Industrial Proto-Urban Center on the Central Plateau of Iran: Tepe Ghabristan"
H. P. Martin. "A Monster Mirrored"
T. L. McClellan. "The Chronology and Ceramic Assemblages of Alalakh"
C. Meyer. "Crown Window Panes: Constantinian or Justinian?"
E. O. Negahban. "Mosaic, Glass, and Frit Vessels from Marlik"
E. Porada. "Problems of Late Assyrian Reliefs"
M. Tadmor. "The Judean Desert Treasure from Nahal Mishmar: A Chalcolithic Traders' Hoard?"
M. van Loon. "Urartian Bronzes Formerly in the Oriental Institute Museum"
E. Vermeule. "Carved Bones from Corinth"
W. A. Ward. "Some Foreign Personal Names and Loan-Words from the Deir el-Medineh Ostraca"
B. B. Williams. "An Early Pottery Jar with Incised Decoration from Egypt"
I. J. Winter. "North Syrian Ivories and Tell Halaf Reliefs: The Impact of Luxury Goods upon 'Major' Arts"
J. Zarins. "Ancient Egypt and the Red Sea Trade: The Case for Obsidian in the Predynastic and Archaic Periods"
R. L. Zettler. "Pottery Profiles Reconstructed from Jar Sealings in the Lower Seal Impression Strata (SIS 8-4) at Ur: New Evidence for Dating"

Ancient World Civilizations

Civilization started many years ago in certain regions. The civilization seen in the present world stems from very powerful empires that led in many inventions that immensely impacted their world and surrounding regions. These great antiquity cities created a revolutionary change through concepts, inventions and techniques that facilitated the development of human kind and made a solid basis for life that is being experienced in the contemporary world. China played a significant role through paper making, printing, gunpowder and the compass. Some of other Chinese inventions include toilet paper, recordings of comets and solar eclipse and kites.

Well, Chinese inventions were not the only ones and may have been more recent than what happened in Greece and Egypt. The ancient Egypt has been credited with the development in architecture and math. They also had a significant contribution in the medicine world. A lot of progress that has been realized today stems from the foundations that were laid in these ancient civilizations. Malaria and other parasitic diseases were very common with the difficult living and working environments near River Nile along with an additional danger from hippos and crocodiles. Problems were the best incentives for the creativity and inventions that were made in these pre-historic times.

There is a lot of evidence that connects ancient Egyptians with knowledge concerning anatomy, practical treatments and injuries as. Major developments among the ancient civilizations also included inventions about the cart and wheel. The transport sector found major developments from what was believed to be the invention about the wheel and axle. Greece was one of the major leaders in this area. Most importantly, important areas in philosophy, religion and economic sectors also found major developments from ancient Greece. Other notable contributors to ancient civilizations include Italy and the Mesopotamia world. Most the emerging governments then were in somewhat small city-states and independent nations that comprised of a town and some farmland in the neighborhood. Ancient Mesopotamia accounts for the earliest world civilizations.

The early people were mainly nomads, hunters and gatherers and mainly lived off the land. With time, nomadic people who were mainly hunters and foragers started to settle down. The pastoral society started to unite certain groups in specific regions. In such settings, people started to develop their own solutions to the problems they faced or in an effort of making their life bearable and comfortable. Ancient civilizations basically started with humans living together, agriculture and the world of healthcare and wellness.

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