Show MoreCapital punishment is perhaps the most debated and widely discussed issue on international platforms. This is because it touches the most sensitive issue governing the very basis of civilization – i.e. Human Life. Capital punishment, also known as death penalty, is meted out to convicts of extreme offences such as murder and rape. It aims at deterring others from committing similar crimes. Death penalty has been in existence for a long time and it is surprising that such a barbaric and inhumane act is still enduring in the apparently civilized world we live in today. This paper discusses why death penalty should be banned and whether it has been successful in reducing the rates of crimes that it is meant to deter. Since life is extremely…show more content…
As is evident, capital punishment, as compared to non-capital punishment, has not been successful in reducing, let alone eliminating, extreme offences. Since it has failed in achieving its objectives, it is illogical to continue capital punishment as a way of rendering justice and reducing crimes. Death is irreversible. If evidence found after a death sentence proves the innocence of the condemned, there is no hope of reconciliation, as the dead cannot be brought back to life. There is always a chance that innocent individuals may be convicted for a crime they did not commit. About 130 individuals who had been wrongfully convicted in death rows have been released in the US since 1973, and in 2003 alone, there were 10 releases (“Death Penalty and Innocence”). Examples of such individuals include Ray Krone who was released in 2002 after spending ten years in prison. Ray Krone was proven innocent based on DNA testing, which was unavailable earlier. Technological limitations, racial prejudice and many other factors cause such wrongful convictions. Very often, a large number of innocent persons are wrongfully convicted, and the fact that some of these individuals are given a death sentence further multiplies the injustice done to them. It does not reduce crime and murder rates, but only adds further to the death count of innocent
When someone hear the word Death,do they feel empty,lost or terrified at the same time? Or is it the opposite? Would they rejoice or celebrate? We wouldn’t know. Most of everyone would probably feel the first sentence and only the oppress would feel the second statement. Death is defined as the action or fact of dying or being killed In short,it is the end of a person’s life or an organism. Associated with death is the word Life. Life is sacred to all beings especially humans due to our intellect and skills which other organisms doesn’t have. In the eyes of God,we are his masterpiece,we are his children which means we need to take care one another. But,what is happening right now? Violence and destruction have succumb the world. Crime rates have been increasing rapidly,wars have overtaken the earth11 and thus humanity is slowly disappearing in front of our own eyes. In order to stop this,the government and states come up with variety of solutions and the most popular and debatable solution is the Death Penalty. Defined by U.S. Legal,death penalty is the sentence of execution for murder and some other capital crimes (serious crimes, especially murder, which are punishable by death). The death penalty, or capital punishment, may be prescribed by Congress or any state legislature for murder and other capital crimes. According to Amnesty International, as of July 2015, 101 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes in law, while 140 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice. From the same source,58 countries still continue the practice of Death Penalty. Criminals have done hideous crimes in their life but it doesn’t mean they don’t have the right to live. Permitting death penalty in one’s country doesn’t end or decrease the crime rates that might be happening right now in someone’s country. Death Penalty should be completely abolished in our society owing to the fact that it doesn’t decrease crime rates,costs a lot of money and puts innocent lives at risk.
The first and foremost reason why some people approve death penalty is to decrease the crime rates of their country. If it is implemented by the government,the society would feel afraid to commit a crime thus stopping them from doing malicious acts that can harm or end someone’s life. There is no evidence that posits the use of the death penalty as being causal to a reduction in crime. According to the NC Coalition for Alternatives to the Death Penalty, the murder rate for the state of North Carolina actually declined following a halt in utilizing execution as a form of punishment. The coalition also points out that most people on death row committed their crimes in the heat of passion, while under the influence of drugs or alcohol, or while suffering from mental illness. They represent a group that is highly unlikely to make rational decisions based on a fear of future consequences for their actions. In addition,states without the death penalty have a lower murder rate than neighboring states with the death penalty implemented. The US had a 2012 murder rate of 4.8 victims per 100,000—meaning that nearly 15,000 people were victims of homicide that year. Capital punishment does not appear to be doing its job. If it does not dissuade, then it serves no purpose. The threat of life in prison without parole must equally dissuade criminals.
Second reason why Death penalty must be abolished is that it costs a lot of money. The cost of the death penalty as opposed to a life sentence without parole is exponential. Due to the extra measures taken in judicial proceedings, lawyer fees, extended trials, and expert witnesses, costs end up being higher. According to the Oregonian, in 1995 the trials for three Washington County murder cases cost more than $1.5 million. One was sentenced to death. In 2000 a fiscal impact summary from the Oregon Department of Administrative Services stated that the Oregon Judicial Department would save $2.3 million annually if the death penalty were eliminated. It is estimated that total prosecution and defense costs to the state and counties equal $9 million per year. It is a total waste of effort,time and money to kill someone. This money should have been donated or spend to someone who deserves it rather than to a criminal whom can be punish by a life sentence without a parole.
And the last reason,it puts innocent lives at risk. Since the reinstatement of the death penalty in the United States in 1976, 138 innocent men and women have been released from death row, including some who came within minutes of execution. Many of these cases were discovered not because of the normal appeals process, but rather as a result of new scientific techniques, investigations by journalists, and the dedicated work of expert attorneys. In Missouri, Texas and Virginia investigations have been opened to determine if those states executed innocent men. To execute an innocent person is morally reprehensible; this is a risk we cannot take. This is the most alarming reason why I oppose death penalty. Imagine if someone was already dead and it turns out later that he/she is completely innocent,there will be no turning point. An innocent life has already taken and the victim’s family would suffer 10 more upon hearing their love one has executed and was completely innocent.
We have all the right reason to live. May it be a criminal,a priest or just an ordinary person. Criminals especially murderers have been tortured and killed multiple times. They have have commit a hideous crime,it doesn't mean that we have to hurt them or kill them also. According to Mahatma,Gandhi,an eye for an eye turns the world blind. We are all familiar with this quotation,if someone hits me then I would hit them too. If we use this system all the time then there won’t be a need for us to implement laws for we are already following our own conscience,it doesn't matter if we are right or wrong. In this world,nobody is perfect which means we all have our own flaws and mistakes. The best way to make up to the people whom we have hurt or may have hurt us ,we need first to accept our faults and forgive our own selves. If we are still being a hard headed person then we wouldn't have our own inner peace again. We should also forgive others,do not hold any grudges and let God decides the punishment for them. Death penalty is not a solution to end crimes and for the other problems of our society. Death Penalty should be completely abolished in our society owing to the fact that it doesn’t decrease crime rates,costs a lot of money and puts innocent lives at risk.