Historical Monuments of India
Indian History is full of the rise and fall of many kingdoms and empires. Monuments, built y the kings and they perform of every period throw light on the past history of India. these monuments exhibit the glory of India and are part of our cultural heritage. Almost all states of India boast of some or the other important historical monuments. Thousands of tourists visit India to have a glimpse of its important historical places.
Taj Mahal is one of the most famous and beautiful buildings of the world. Taj Mahal was build by Emperor Shah Jahan as the tomb for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. It matchless beauty draws visitors from all parts of the world. The taj mahal got the highest ranking among the Seven Wonders of the World after the biggest online poll at www.new7wonders.com. Part forms Taj Mahal there are other historical monuments in Agra.
Red fort is one of those monuments which enhance the grace of Delhi. Red fort was also built by shah Jahan the Mughal emperor. The architecture of this building has a splendid impact of red stone and marble works. it has delicate carving on every possible surface.
Qutub Miner’s also a significant historical monument. The construction of Qutub Minar was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibek in twelfth century. But it was completed by his successor Iltutmnish. the Minar rises over 230 feet. The walls of the Minar are intricately carved and inscribed with verses from the Holly Quram. It is often viewed as a symbol of the military might of the Turko Afghan dynasty. Delhi also boasts of historical monument like Purana Qila, humayun’s tomb Jantar Mantar and many more.
Hyderabad is famous for its charming minarets Charminar. The city is often identified with the majestic Charminaar which stands at the center of the old city. It was built by Muhammad quil Shah. Charminar with its enormous size and majestic splendor attracts a number of visitors. Hyderabad has many other famous monuments like Golkunda Fort, Purani Haveli Tombs of Qutub Shahi kings etc.
There are a number of such monuments that are not only historically famous but also have religious significance. Puri is well known for a twelfth century temple called Jagannath erected in honour of the Hindu god Vishnu. It begun by king chodagangaeva and completed by king Ananga Bhima Deva iii. it is very vast temple.
Golden Temple of Amritsar is also known as Darbar Sahib. It is a great pilgrimage center of the Sikhs. The holy temple was completed under the direct control and supervision of Guru Arjan Dev. It’s foundation stone was laid by a renowned Muslim divine Main Mir. The Guru intended to keep the temple open to people of all castes creeds and faith a. so it was given four door women each direction. it has a lire pool around it. During Maharaja Ranjit Singh reign the lower half of the temple was decorated with marble while the entire upper half was in laid with copper converted over by gold plate. Hence it is known as golden temple. Some other religious monuments are Badrinath temple, Dilwara temple Dakshineshwara temple, Kailashnath temple ,Seven pagoda , Lotus temple Rameshwaram temple.
In British era too some important monuments were constructed. These monuments have their own important place in Indian history. India gate was constructed in the memory of those Indian soldiers who were killed in world war i. gateway of India was built to commemorate the visit of the first ever British Monarch King George V and Queen Mary in 1911. There are a number of other monuments built by the British. These are Rashtrapati Bhawan Parliament House Victoria Memorial.
Al these monuments are visited by millions of tourists actors the globe throughout the year. These monuments are among the best a in the world for their archaeological value design and historical significance but it is a disturbing fact that we have no looked after these monuments properly.
The majority of them are in a bad shape. Even the most famous monuments like Taj Mahal , Qutub Minar , Lal Qila have been belated. Nearby industrial areas and markets create pollution which is harmful for these monuments. The government must a take initiative to protect these monuments. Proper care of these monuments enhances their life. A committee of experts should be formed to study the present condition of the monuments and the steps needed to be taken to protect them. Proper attention and initiatives of the government can only save these historical monuments from ruining away.
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The importance of monuments
The various national monuments of India are part of ancient heritage of India, something which is closely associated with the identity of the nation. A series of structures or areas deemed to be of national importance are termed as national monuments and are thus conserved.
These monuments, in a way bring to the forefront, the elegance and splendour of the bygone era. We can get a glimpse of India's past through these monuments. With their elaborate superfluities and wonderful architecture, Indian monuments represent one of the most outstanding facets of the multi-faceted Indian culture. The monuments of India must become an inspiration for the future generations.
Class 10, Luke Memorial Public School, Iringole, Kerala
No law, rule, force can help
Monuments have always been the illustration of wealth and power of a country.
But simply possessing them is not enough. Preserving them should be equally prioritised.
I am sorry to say that this thought has never struck any of us. “I haven’t built them? So why must I clean them.”
Who knows when these mighty structures will crash down? No law, no rule, no force can save our monuments. Only self-realisation can.
Class 10, Chettinad Vidya Mandir, Karur , Tamilnadu
Keep factories away
These monuments represent our tradition, history, art and design. They are also the symbols of our architectural skills. Authorities should pay proper attention and save them from ruining away. Industries and factories must be shifted away from the site of monuments to reduce the effect of smoke. There should be proper disposal of garbage, and proper drainage system for waste water as well as industrial effluents.
Class 10, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Tirupati
Every community and society has a very precious heritage which has to be and can be transferred to the next generation. It is the responsibility of the civil society to transfer that heritage to the next generation. It is disheartening to see people, forgetting that they are doing an irreparable damage to these archaeological masterpieces, inscribe their initials, names, or messages on these national treasures.
Class 10, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Tirupati
The case of Qutub Minar
Our monuments were in a much better shape just a few decades agoThe Qutub Minar has tilted 25 inches towards southwest. This is because of the airport nearby. The only way we can to protect these monuments is to follow the rules. We should also make the people aware of the threats to the monuments and the acts passed by government to protect them .
Class 10, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Tirupati.